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[NAATI疑问] CCL复习 CCL备考策略 - CCL单词巩固计划(三)

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 楼主| 发表于 2018-10-3 | 显示全部楼层
春风拂面艳阳天,
柠檬带着CCL每周单词拓展。
又来到您跟前,
只愿大伙移民5分顺利到手!
——毫无押韵的柠檬自创打油诗



这周小柠檬也持续给大家带来我们的CCL拓展之医疗类词汇(三):

Mission Impossible 南波碎——

心血管系统
Cardiovascular system

以下词汇有一定的相似度,读音相近或者意思相近,极容易造成翻译错误:

- 1 -

Dyspnea 呼吸困难

vs

Dyspepsia 消化不良


例句:

- Dyspnea is the term used when someone experiences a shortness of breath.

- Dyspepsia is a condition that causes an upset stomach or pain in the upper abdomen.

- 2 -

Palpitation 心悸

vs

Arrhythmia 心律紊乱


例句:

- Palpitation is an uncomfortable feeling within the chest caused by an irregular heartbeat.

- Arrhythmia is a group of conditions where the heartbeat is irregular.

- 3 -

Congenital 先天性的

vs

Genital 生殖器的


例句:

- The baby was born with congenital heart defects.


- Genital infections need to be treated immediately.


- 4 -

Cholesterol胆固醇

vs

Steroid 类固醇


例句:

- In our body, there are good and bad cholesterol.

- Certain steroids can be used to treat inflammation.

- 5 -

Edema 浮肿

vs

Swelling 肿胀


例句:

- Edema is swelling caused by fluid accumulation in body tissues.

- Swelling occurs whenever the organs, skin, or other parts of your body enlarge.

- 6 -

Genetic 基因的

vs

Generic 通用的


例句:

- Some cardiovascular diseases are known to link with a certain genetic mutation.

- Generic drugs are copies of brand-name drugs that have exactly the same active ingredients.

- 7 -

Cardiac arrest 心脏骤停

vs

Heart attack 心脏病发作


例句:

- Cardiac arrest is the stopping of the heartbeat, usually because of interference with the electrical signal.

- During a heart attack, blood supply that normally nourishes the heart with oxygen is cut off and the heart muscle begins to die.

- 8 -

Pacemaker 心脏起搏器

vs

Stent 支架


例句:

- Pacemaker is a surgically implanted electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat.

- The stent is A device that is placed at the site of a narrowing artery to keep the artery open.

- 9 -

Lipid 油脂

vs

Fat 脂肪


例句:

- Lipid is a fatty substance that is insoluble in the blood

- Fats are a type of lipid and are technically called triglycerides.

- 10 -

Mortality 死亡率

vs

Morbidity 发病率


例句:

-The mortality is the total number of deaths from a given disease in a population.

-The morbidity is the relative incidence of a particular disease in a specific locality.

糖尿病介绍
不同类别糖尿病的区别

Condition
病名
Mechanism of disease
病因
Treatment
治疗方法
一型糖尿病

Type I diabetes
Type I diabetes is an auto-immune   condition in which the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the   pancreas which produce insulin.

一型糖尿病是一种免疫系统疾病,多为先天性,多发于青少年。
Insulin

胰岛素
二型糖尿病

Type II diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas.

二型糖尿病则是大家常见的糖尿病,是由于人体对胰岛素抗性或者胰岛素分泌下降造成的。
Diet
饮食

Weight control
体重控制

Medications
药物

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